Peacock Flower Tree Gardening in Spain
Peacock flower tree is very easy to grow in alkaline to acidic, well-drained soils. This is a fast growing plant and moderately tolerant of salty conditions.
- Common Name: Royal Poinciana, Flamboyant Tree, Peacock Flower Height: 6.0-9.0m
- Packet content (approximately): 10 Peacock Flower seeds.
The Spanish Gardening Index Page
The Caesalpinia pulcherrima is another stunning small tree/large shrub that thrives in warm climates or even the desert.
Also known as ‘Peacock flower’, ‘Mexican (or red) bird of paradise’ or ‘Pride of Barbados’, this tropical plant can reach heights of up to 15 feet (3 m). Peacock flower is the most widely cultivated species in the genus Caesalpinia.
It is a striking ornamental plant, widely grown in domestic and public gardens. It is a species of flowering plant in the pea family
Like many other plants, Peacock flower has escaped cultivation and become established in warm climate regions throughout the world.
Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Pride of Barbados, Red Bird of Paradise, Peacoc 10 seeds
Native to the tropics and subtropics, it flourishes during summer when the weather is hottest and other vegetation fades.
Peacock flower is an evergreen shrub or small tree in frost free climates, a deciduous to semi-deciduous shrub in areas with only occasional, slight frost, and a returning perennial in temperate climates with mild winters (down to 19°F (-7°C).
This exotic plant is used extensively for its extravagant, showy flowers and its incredible heat tolerance.
The flowers are borne in terminal clusters 8-10″ (20-25 cm) tall throughout most of the year in tropical climates and in late summer and fall where frosts occur.
The most common colours are red and orange or a combination of red and yellow, but there are also forms with pure yellow flowers (often called yellow bird of paradise) and forms with flowers in shades of pink.
The inch-wide flowers have slightly ruffled petals and 10 long, red protruding stamens as accents (except the pure yellow form).
As the inflorescence elongates, it produces new flowers at the top 1/3, and promptly sheds the lower old flowers.
The pods form quickly at the bottom of the inflorescence, and the flower buds open a few at a time, so that buds, flowers, and seed pods appear simultaneously.
The fruits are legumes looking very much like pea pods, but they are poisonous. As they mature they turn hard and brown and when ripe they split open noisily releasing the brown beans.
Peacock flower is very easy to grow in alkaline to acidic, well-drained soils. This is a fast growing plant and moderately tolerant of salty conditions.
Fertilizer application is hardly necessary, especially if it is grown in adequately mulched soils.
Light: This plant enjoys full sun to light shade and loves heat. Best growth and flower production is in full sun. It gets leggy in shade and blooming is reduced.
Moisture: Peacock flower is drought tolerant once established, but performs best with regular irrigation while blooming.
It can also survive a yearly freeze. Peacock flower dies to the ground following periods of mild frost, but it comes back reliable, albeit late, in middle spring.
Don’t give up on it! Peacock flower has survived temperatures as low as 18°F (-7.8°C). It can be grown as an annual in colder climates.
Propagation: Peacock flower is easy to start from seeds. Germination will be speeded up if the seeds are nicked with a file before planting. Under good growing conditions, peacock flower tree will self sow or spread by root suckers (not invasive though).
Pruning: Peacock flower benefits from pruning, and can be shaped to tree form or shrubby bush form.
It grows quickly before flowering, but while flowering growth virtually stops. Prune to any desired height in late autumn or winter to control height and spread.
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To get a bushier, more compact shrub you can even cut Peacock flower to the ground in winter and will recover nicely.
It flowers on new wood so do not prune in the spring as this could delay flowering until September, meaning four to five months of flowering loss.
Use peacock flower as a specimen or in a mixed shrub border.
Also useful as a quick screen – a line of peacock flowers makes a showy fine-textured screen or informal hedge. Great for summer colour and a tropical effect. Peacock flower Tree.
Caesalpinia Pulcherrima Seeds
Packet content (approximately): 10
Beautifully fringed, orange and red blooms cover this magnificent, West Indian shrub which has most attractive deeply divided foliage.
In a warm country or very well-protected UK garden or a conservatory, it makes one of the most spectacular plants you can ever be lucky enough to grow.
36,18,Peacock flower Tree.
Peacock Tree Caesalpinia pulcherrima thrives well in our warm Spanish climate.
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Spain Info Peacock flower Tree San Francisco De Asis, Urb Marina, San Fulgencio, 03177, Alicante, Spain.38n21, 0w29.