Grape Growing Grapes Spain

Grape Growing in containers popular on the balcony

Growing Grapes in Spain

Grape Growing  Growing grapes in containers is probably the best way for the amateur gardener and in Spain you will often see them growing on patios. Selection of books on grapes in Spain

Grape Growing Ready-Grapes
Grape Growing cluster

Grapes are fairly easy to grow on a small scale for even the amateur home gardener, although maintaining a vineyard might require a little more skill!

They can be grown in any temperate region which has summers with temperatures above 20°C, although they do require some degree of protection from rainfall.

Growing in containers probably the best way for the amateur gardener and in Spain you will often see grapes growing on patios.   

Grapes on a Spanish Patio

Grape Growing

Grape Growing patio-grapes
Grape Growing on the balcony

While grapes can be grown in containers, they actually do resent this, since they dislike having their roots cramped, so within reason cotainers should be of a reasonable size.

Grape vines are very voracious plants, and can grow to 35 metres long-tall if given good enough conditions and left unchecked.

Growing them in containers shortens their lifespan and lessens their yield, but restricts them to such an amount that they become easy to grow, and since they are kept small, more can be grown.

Grape Growing young-grapes
Grape Growing

Grapes are best bought in late Spring from garden centres or specialist nurseries, when they are coming into bud and a good plant chosen.

The minimum pot size that should ideally be used about 12 inches in diameter, maximum about 36 inches diameter.

Potting material

The richness of the potting material used is not important; it should have some degree of organic matter, but the structure of the soil is the most important factor; it must be fairly open and free-draining.

Grapes should be kept well watered during first growth, flowering and initial fruit set; however after this they do prefer hot, dry conditions; it brings out a stronger flavour in the fruit.

You will of course of seen that over here in Spain like in many other Mediterranean countries they shield the grapes in the vinyards in late summer with plastic covers to keep the rain off them, plus birds if you are not careful will soon find your grapes and will strip a vine in a fairly short time.

Grapes should be left on the vine until fully ripened; they are preclimacteric; that, they do not ripen further when taken off the vine, and the longer they remain on the vine, the higher the sugar content, and therefore the sweeter, and nicer, the grape.

Grape Growing Grape-Cutting
Grape Growing

Because of the ripening nature of grapes, that they don\’t all grow and ripen at once, it may be necessary to leave them on a long period of time, whereby some riper than others, to get full ripening of an entire cluster.

Nice young grapes
A Cutting example
Cutting-Grapes     If more plants are required, propagation is easy; any semi-ripe cutting will easily root in Autumn.

Spanish vine varieties (wine grapes) Grapes-in-vinyard

Grape Growing grape bush
Grape Growing

Today Spain has more then 146 acknowledged vine varieties, making Spain one of the most varied wine cultures in the world.

The Garnacha is the most common red grape in Spain. Among white grapes the most popular is Airén, which is also the most commonly grown in the world. Spain has over 650,000 hectares of vines.
Grape Varieties Growing

There are several groups; table grapes include Thompson Seedless, Flame and Crimson, Raisin grapes include Thompson Seedless, as do juice varieties which also include Concord.

Wine grape varieties can vary, but include Pinot Noir, Merlot, Zinfandel, and Cabernet Sauvignon.

You may notice these are actually names of wines; the wines take their name from the grapes themselves.

Thompson is one of the most popular worldwide, not only is it the leading variety in raisin production, this elongated oval shaped pale green sweet grape is very common for table/dessert use.

Thompson Grape Growing

Boskoop Glory Grape Growing
An excellent variety for growing outdoors, particularly in temperate countries such as England, Boskoop Glory is a red grape bordering on purple black. It is ideal for making wine or eating as a dessert grape.

Concord Grape Growing

The Concord grape formerly the primary for production of grape juice, however it has now been taken over by Thompson Seedless.

It is a red seeded grape having dark blue to purple-black skin, and is also commonly used to make jelly and some wines.

This is a cultivar of the North American fox grape species.

Cabernet Sauvignon Grape Growing

Cabernet Sauvignon is a red grape, commonly used to make red wine, and is one of the most widely planted of the six noble grape varieties (the varieties that produce the finest wines).

Some of the finest wines in the world, including Red Bordeaux, are made from Cabernet Sauvignon grapes.

Flame Grape Growing

A fantastic red variety, this is a cross between Thompson, Cardinal, and some other varieties.

Flame grapes are almost perfectly spherical and so bursting with juice they are almost crunchy, and of course full of flavour. One of our favourite varieties, and one of the most popular!

Merlot Grape Growing

Merlot is a variety of wine grape used to create popular red wines.

Pinot Noir Grape Growing

A red wine grape, Pinot Noir is used to make a dry red table wine, most commonly from the Burgundy region of France and California.

It is a relatively low yielder, but it is persevered with because it is widely regarded to make some of the finest wines in the world.

Grape Growing Grape-Pruning
Grape Growing

Sugraone Grape Growing

Another white seedless variety, Sugraone is a particularly firm and sweet variety.
Pruning Guide

The most essential part of growing quality grapes after planting is pruning grape vines.

You may also be thinking that pruning grape vines is such a boring task, besides I have got a great harvest this year, so what is the necessity of pruning?

There is no denying of the fact that you had a great harvest without pruning, but are you more concerned about the quantity of grapes or its quality?

Grape Growing Bumper Harvest

Grape growers who have just started growing vines may think that pruning is just nonsense, since there has been a bumper harvest.

If you come to such a conclusion you are making a big mistake and may have to pay a heavy price.

Once you understand the importance of pruning vines, it does not seem like much of a problem for you but rather a pleasure.


The important thing is to learn the correct process of pruning. You need to have a lot of patience as it may be three years before vines begin producing fruits.

Vines should be allowed to grow for some time, at least for a year or two before you start major pruning, as this helps in strengthening the root system.

In the first winter, the stems found at the base of the vine should be removed but care should be taken to keep the strongest stem.

At a later stage this becomes the trunk which should be well supported using a wired fence or a grape stake.

Second Spring

You should allow the growth of other stems from the trunk. In the second spring you should retain the two best shoots that grow out from the trunk.

As the vine grows it reaches a certain height and it is necessary to cut back the weaker part of the trunk after that.

This helps in new growth along the trunk. However, new branches that disfigure the vine need removing.

In the winter of the second year you need to ensure that there is a basic structure of the plant, with a straight trunk and a set of side branches.

The only thing that needs doneing in the spring of the third year is to keep trimming.

Leave 10 to 15 Buds

A very crucial point is leaving about 10-15 buds in each arm during the winter of the third year.

These are the ones which produce your bunches during the summers growth period. These buds are called ‘renewal bud’ and must have a couple of leaf joints.

The renewal buds should be continuously pruned so as to allow new growth during summers, but care should be taken not to cut off buds that are already producing.

Thus, this gives you an idea of pruning grape vines. Pruning is necessary to ensure crop quality of the highest order. Grape Growing


Pruning vines is essential because it removes a lot of over used mature branches from the preceding year and helps in new growth of the vine. If a vine is left as it is then a number of buds left behind and in theory be able to produce a lot of grapes.

However, this is not the right approach, as you overload the vine and in the process the vine may break.

Grape bunches don’t feed themselves on their own. The ripening process happens due to the support from the vine branches.

The greater the number of bunches, the more energy and support that is required. If the number of bunches is large then the vine can reasonably feed there not be enough energy so as to ripen all the fruit.

As a result some bunches would not ripen properly and you will not be able to use much of the fruit. Even if you are thinking of having grape bunches for decoration only, still it would look better if they had ripened well. That’s why, pruning grape vines is so important. Grape Growing.

The Organic Backyard Vineyard: A Step-by-Step Guide to Growing Your Own Grapes


7 Day Spanish and Cooking Course in the City of Granada, Andalusia

Guest House, Granada, Andalusia, Spain

Cooking Course Granada

Are you looking to learn about Spain’s language, culture, and food? Then come and join Escuela Montalban as they offer an intensive Spanish language and culinary course in Spain.

Master a new language or build upon your Spanish in a friendly atmosphere with a personal touch and learn how to prepare some of the most exquisite recipes with a professional chef coming from Al-Andalus times.

Get immersed in the Spanish way of life and practice your new skills while staying with your host family! MORE INFO

39,18 rich,4,9, March 5 W 93 Optimised 100 H 66 July 10 Grape Growing 11 H 95 April 30 Grape Growing 20 May 26 Sept 30 H 88 P 95 FC 100 F

Spain Info.

San Francisco De Asis, Urb Marina, San Fulgencio, 03177, Alicante, Spain
38n21, 0w29

Site Disclaimer

Disclaimer: Whilst every effort has been made to provide accurate information, no liability will be accepted for misinterpretation, misrepresentation, errors or omissions - the information provided by our Websites is for use as a guide only and is issued in good faith as information..
All photographs images and FILM material is subject to the understanding that as they are in the public domain they can be used and shared as seen to be appropriate and unless showing a sign that they are covered by copyright law. This also covers Social media operations.